Project Babylon was a project with unknown objectives commissioned by then Iraqi president Saddam Hussein to build a series of " superguns ". There were most likely four different devices in the program. The project began in ; it was halted in after Bull was assassinated, and parts of the superguns were seized in transit around Europe. The first of these superguns, "Baby Babylon", was a horizontally mounted device which was simply a prototype for test purposes.
After conducting tests with lead projectiles, this gun was set up on a hillside at a 45 degree angle. Although its mass was similar to some World War II German " large-calibre guns ", it was not Anne-Lie Rydé - Stulna Kyssar to be a mobile weapon and therefore it was not considered a security risk by Israel.
The second supergun, "Big Babylon", of which a pair were planned one to be mounted horizontally, at least for test purposeswas much larger. The complete device weighed about 2, tonnes the barrel alone weighed 1, tons. Neither of these devices could be elevated or trained, making them useless for direct military purposes, unless some form of terminal guidance could be used to direct the fired projectile onto its intended target.
It is possible that Big Babylon was intended both to launch satellites and to serve as a weapon, but its ability to fire conventional projectiles in the latter role would have been very limited: in addition to the impossibility of aiming it, it would have had Hey Girl - Them Featuring Van Morrison - Them Again slow rate of fire, and its firing would have produced a very pronounced "signature" which would have revealed its location.
Babylon Big Time - Low Pressure - Babylon Big Time it was immobile, it suffered from the same vulnerability as Germany's V-3 cannonwhich the RAF readily destroyed in Also, Iraq already had Scud missiles which would have been far more effective than the outdated supergun technology. However, the gun would have offered greater ranges than the Scud variants then used by the Iraqis, and its projectiles would have been more difficult to intercept.
Very large cannonswhich would be capable of being elevated and trained, were also planned. The metal tubes for the barrels and gun cradles were purchased from firms in the United Kingdom, including Sheffield Forgemasters of South Yorkshire, and Walter Somers of Halesowen.
Other components, such as breeches and recoil mechanisms, were ordered from firms in Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, and Italy. Baby Babylon was completed, and test shots were fired from it, revealing problems with the seals between the barrel segments. However, as those were being worked Babylon Big Time - Low Pressure - Babylon Big TimeBull was assassinated in Marchpossibly by Mossadhalting the project.
Most of the barrel sections for Big Babylon were delivered to, and assembled on, a site excavated from the side of a hill; instead of being suspended by cables from a steel framework as originally planned: calculations had shown that the original support framework would be insufficiently rigid.
However, it was never completed. In early AprilUnited Kingdom customs officers confiscated several pieces of the second Big Babylon barrel, which were disguised as "petrochemical pressure vessels". The parts were confiscated at Teesport Docks.
More pieces were seized in Airmail Special - Jazz At The Philharmonic - Norman Granz Jazz At The Philharmonic Vol. 10 and Turkey in transit by truck to Iraq. Other components, such as slide bearings for Big Babylon, were seized at their manufacturers' sites in Spain and Switzerland.
The novel Splinter Cellwritten by Raymond Benson under the pseudonym David Michaels, refers to Project Babylon and Gerald Bull as the antagonists in the story who develop and manage to fire a new supergun, "Babylon Phoenix. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Baby Babylon. Iraqi project to build superguns. Iraq portal War portal.
Arms and the Man: Dr. Gerald Bull, Iraq and the Supergun. Slate Magazine. Retrieved Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with short description Commons category link is on Wikidata Coordinates on Wikidata.
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